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Cognitive Functions Affected by MS
 

Cartoon characters on a train - one sitting reading others standingNot everyone knows that MS can disrupt cognitive functions such as being able to recall memories and names, and being able to recognise people and take part in conversations.

Lots of people with MS experience changes in one or two of their cognitive functions, like the ability to pay attention, to remember things, make decisions and communicate with lightning speed. Very few people with MS have severe decline in general cognitive function, but even a small reduction in your ability to process and use information can feel big.

These cognitive disruptions in MS are considered to be disabling consequences of the disease because they can affect quality of life and the ability to stay working and socially engaged.

As many as 60% of people with MS are affected by cognitive changes, and scientists are trying to understand how others with MS pathology do not show cognitive impairment.

The key may be in engaging in activities that make the most of the brain’s natural flexibility and that boost the brain’s capacity to get around disease and injury.

Back to Cognition 101

Scroll down for the  low-down on cognitive processes such as memory, attention, executive function and information processing that may be affected by MS.

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Memory

How come you can remember your first day at school but not ...

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Attention

Attention is the first step in the memory process.

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Processing

Some people with MS report needing more time than they used to ...

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Executive Control

Executive functions sometimes called cognitive control refers to ...

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Tip of the tongue

“I just can’t think of the word.” We all get that ‘tip of the tongue’ experience ...

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What am I Seeing?

Because MS can affect the speed at which information is processed

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