Cognitive functions are brain activities that help you to communicate, plan, remember and make decisions. They are pretty important, yet most of us don’t give them a second thought. But they can be affected negatively by MS, and this is called cognitive impairment.

When people first receive a diagnosis of MS they mostly focus on the physical impact of the disease. They tend to worry most about how the mobility might be affected and how this might take away their independence. They rarely consider that cognitive impairment could be an aspect too, and how it might affect them. Most probably that is because they are simply unaware that MS can lead to changes in cognitive functioning that may lead to the need to reduce work responsibilities or leave the work force altogether.

Cognitive impairment in MS can actually have a significant impact on quality of life, but the good news is that there are things you can do to help protect cognitive functioning.The bottom line is to boost brain health by building cognitive reserves so that you can maintain important functions like memory and attention and increase your chances of remaining independent for as long as possible.

Cognition 101 gives you the low down on cognitive function in MS.

Ready? Scroll down for Cognition 101.